• Grenzturm am Abend

    The Baltic Border Tower has become a landmark of Kuehlungsborn and the area, seen from far along the coast

  • Turmkanzel mit Suchscheinwerfer

    The pulpit with the search light mounted on its roof

  • Aufstiegsleiter vor der Renovierung

    View inside the tube with ladder, before renovation

  • Aufstiegsleiter nach der Renovierung

    Tube with ladder after renovation

  • Aufstieg innen

    Visitors climb the tower with the means of staggered steel ladders

  • Kanzel

    View from the pulpit

  • Frau am Fenster

    Ausblick aus der Turmkanzel

  • Kanzel innen

    Night in the pulpit.

  • Originaleinrichtung

    Original Tower equipment: Radio transmitter, Machine gun AK47. Binoculars, wall clock

  • Frau mit Fernrohr

    Visitors are supplied with binoculars to search the horizon

  • Ausblick nach Osten

    View to the West, the Jetty

  • Ausblick auf den Strand

    Ausblick auf den Strand nach Kühlungsborn West

  • Riss Kanzel

    Construction plan (original) pulpit, sideview

  • Riss Bodenplatte

    Construction plan (original) pulpit floor, top view

Border Tower

In 1973 the Border Watchtower "BT11" was erected at its present place. From the 50 ft high lookout the border guards could search a 12 sea miles wide area. 27 towers of this type stood along the seaborder of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) Only two of its kind were saved from demolition. The baltic border tower ist he only one accessible for the public.

der Turm
Besteigung

Climbing to the top

Over staggered steel ladders, one can climb up to the lookout which allows a 360° panoramic view over sea and coast. Semi-circle wooden platforms below each ladder provide safety from falling.

 

Daily tower routine

Der Tower was manned with two soldiers. Working hours were 6 to 12 hours. Every movement which seemed suspicious was recorded. With the telescope the water was constantly searched for conspicuous objects. By means of the transmitter facilities which were incorporated into the "Border Notification Network" border patrol boats or army helicopters could be immediately informed. At night the beam of the searchlight from the roof skimmed across the beach or was pointed at suspicious objects. In addition to that a 16 kW high-powered floodlight was moved onto the beach promenade and its strong beams skimmed beach and sea regularly.

 

construction / technical details

A special unit of the Border Brigade Coast was resbonsible for the construction of all border towers along the baltic border. 

The Tower consists of a concrete foundation, 11 premanufactured concrete rings that were stacked on each other and the pulpit. Inlaying steelbars were welded together to connect the ring units.  The pulpit with ist 360° panorama windows was mounted on top by use of a crane. BT11 refers to the number of concrete rings used.

 The Interior equipment contained emergency power supply, 8 lockable embrasures, fire extinguisher,  a strong telescope, firmly mounted on a tripod, and binoculars, radio transmitting facilities, aerial desk with maps, clock, heater, searchlight, machine gun.